The phrase energy landscape evokes the physical environment that provides energy for human use Stremke and van den Dobbelsteen, 2012. A focus on community and energy landscapes helps understanding of both how people experience socio-energetic relationships and how they respond to them, for example, in relation to public reactions to wind energy projects Pasqualetti, 2011 and how people cope with spatial transformations associated with the energy industry Castán Broto et al. Affordability is also a key factor here, as many government efforts for access seem to be rurally focused. She left her job at a U. Received: 12 February 2017; Accepted: 17 August 2017 Published online: 2 October 2017 References 1.
For example, more than half of the urban population in Rwanda lacks access to the electricity grid. The flow of materials through the neighbourhood makes local residents acutely aware of what is possible, and the way things flow in, out and through their neighbourhood. Local residents also work in relation to an institutional framework of formal organisation structures in groups of houses, with chefes and a bairro secretary, that define them as a community. Factors influencing the uptake of household water connections in peri-urban Maputo, Mozambique. Achieving this demands multi-level, multi-sectorial and multi-stakeholder engagement.
Expanding renewable energy access with pro-poor public private partnerships in the developing world. Lighting Up the Last Mile: The Benefits and Costs of Extending Electricity to the Rural Poor, June , 15—17. Access to mobile phones and internet mediate new forms of social and economic relationships and may be provoking a change in generational aspirations. In the context of a total lack of access, improvisation may be the only alternative open to the urban poor36, but it has consequences in terms of the quality of service, its safety and the distribution of responsibilities the urban poor may, for example, end up paying more for the same service. Another important development is the use of mapping and geotagging to report incidents and notify other women of unsafe areas. Improving Energy Access to the Urban Poor in Developing Countries.
Safetipin is being used quite extensively in different cities, and is now working with municipalities to help them develop policy responses to the data collected. The initiative also encourages a stronger female presence on the streets of Egypt by supporting female graffiti artists, and is now a growing network of artists throughout the Middle East. In poorer regions of the world, however, access can be illegal, expensive and potentially unsafe. The walk also showed how infrastructure is embedded in physical relations, for example, being integrated in the actual construction of houses see Figure 5. Lighting also relates to the electrification of the household.
Energy landscapes are thus connective tissue, a highly contextualised membrane that helps society to mould and be moulded in relation to an energy system. Here is where lighting becomes more closely related to yearly patterns of energy use, and the way the length of the day bears influence in electricity consumption. Such households routinely lack access to a reliable and affordable supply of electricity and clean fuels. These two policy changes call for a renewed research agenda on universal access to sustainable energy in urban areas. In this way, participatory mapping needs to be conceived of as an encounter of different perspectives, in which both participants and researchers are learning together about shared experiences of place. As they were instructed to think about community and energy they avoided households although they showed them when prompted focusing instead on collective artefacts.
Abstract What is the role of energy in building communities and to what extent are communities invested in particular energy practices? An integrated framework for rural electrification: adopting a user-centric approach to business model development. Electricity access is also likely to create an opportunity for additional income-generating activities to be carried out and allows children to study at home with proper lighting, which is known to improve educational outcomes. Developed-country support for projects to electrify Africa through renewable energy has increased sharply over the last few years. At an individual level, there is the time cost in foraging for fuel, and the risk of not obtaining any fuel. Local responses to globalization and peripheralization in Luanda, Angola. It is not only a story about women being protected from violence, but also about the empowerment of women and girls to participate in public life and access urban services.
In Maputo, communities may be seen as related to the spatial division of the city into bairros and quarteirões, that have their own representatives and community organisations. Global Environmental Change, 26, 140-51. The participatory mapping workshop took place in a collective facility in Chamanculo C in July 2014. Massawe, who would eventually become a student of Tarimo's at the academy, struggled to find employment after graduating from Mzumbe University in eastern Tanzania. The authors wish to thank the editors for their permission to share this article. This requires two changes in policy approaches. Energy poverty reduction by fuel switching.
This assumption puts a disproportionate emphasis on electrification at the expense of understanding the need for fuels and technologies for clean cooking10,11. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101, 4, 907-17. Massawe says her training and the work she has done since have given her confidence. Urgent research agendas Achieving universal access to sustainable energy is an urgent challenge, but progress has been slow at best. Developed for health care and public health professionals around the world, as well as a wider audience, this resource provides an overview of key health considerations in energy systems and energy policy. Alongside other relations around urban health and service provision, energy services mediate life in the community.