Hayward, Rhodri, 2007, Religious Transcendence and the Invention of the Subconscious, Manchester: Manchester University Press. My current project deals extensively with photography and visual sources, particularly related to neurology and psychiatry. In 2006, she was awarded the Heggoy Prize for French Colonial History by the French Colonial Historical Society for her book Creating the Creole Island: Slavery in Eighteenth-century Mauritius. Her research interests cover the history of medicine in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Heaton, Matthew, 2013, Black Skins, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonisation and the Globalisation of Psychiatry, Athens, Ohio.
This paper presents a brief history of Palestinian mental health care, a discussion of the current status of mental health and health services in the occupied Palestinian territory, and a critique of the biomedical Western-led discourse as it relates to the mental health needs of Palestinians. Much of his work detailed the ways in which European perceptions of the colonial world, and of the Islamic world in particular, relied on spurious claims of academic science which were themselves influenced by imperial ambitions. Psychological counselling in Africa is very far from being a secular technology supplanting religious practices. Race was a defining feature of both theories. One should not, of course, take this at face value. There is also little doubt that the corporate sector is fuelling this activity in a service sector growth pattern familiar from other parts of the world.
There has, however, been less work on understanding the nature and management of financial crises embedded in different historical geographies. Psychological counselling has become big business in some parts of Africa in the last decade or so, resulting in the creation of a whole new professional group, as well as a largely unregulated body of self-appointed experts working with a bricolage of concepts and techniques. In: Madness in the Family. In his 2010 book, Crazy Like Us, Ethan Watters argued that, the world over, emotional states and psychological processes are being redefined in the homogenizing terms of American psychiatry with, he argued, devastating effect Watters, 2010. The salience of such ideas was often apparent in the face of increasing social tension, charismatic leadership and a proliferation of East African prophetic movements. She is particularly interested in representations of light therapies, both natural sun-therapy heliotherapy and artificial light therapy phototherapy or actinotherapy , through the medium of photography — a medium of light. This article works against this redemptive characterization of international refugee law in relation to action or inaction on the part of States.
Sloan Mahone and Megan Vaughan eds , Psychiatry and empire Basingstoke, 2007 , ch. Along with she is organising a study day on the intellectual consequences of pastoral care from the late medieval to early modern period. This article examines the inter-relationship between psychiatry and sex, both fertile fields within the recent historiography of colonialism and empire. The chapter goes on to offer a survey of the articles featured in this special issue of South Asian History and Culture, contextualizing them and laying out the principal aims of the issue. Mahone The Microphysics of Power: Mental Nursing in South Africa in the First Half of the 20th Century; S.
Henry Burdett was the Founder of the English Hospitals Association. Jacobs, Chicago, University Press, Ministry of State for Public Service, Comaroff J, Unconscious, Indiana University Press, Duke University, Harris Chilale, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies, Biblical Counselling, Counselling Psychology, Professor David Ndetei, Kenya Psychological Association, Mr Harris Chilale, Carl Rogers, Moses Chesire, Dr Moses Chesire, Transcultural Psychiatry, South Africa, individual counselling, Dr Felix Kauye, Leverhulme Trust, Clinical Psychology, John L. Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series. Findings — This study suggests an engagement with humanities-based methods and fields such as postcolonial scholarship. For one, psychiatry came to India as part of the colonial project and was seen to be a tool of the latter, whereby it was seen as yet another means of effecting social control Addlakha 2010. The Totem Vanishes, the Hordes Revolt: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of the Indonesian Struggle for Independence.
All names have been changed to protect patient anonymity. Such a change in perspective requires a parallel change in mental health policies from short-term emergency humanitarian aid to the development of a sustainable system of public mental health services, in combination with advocacy for human rights and the restoration of political, historical and moral justice. Shruti Kapila provides a nuanced exploration of the reception of Freud in India, showing how psychoanalytic ideas were selectively appropriated, not only as theories of the mind, but as reflections of varied orientations toward both religion and the Indian nation. Food was the principal issue of complaint among both prisoners and asylum inmates. Amongst those words and phrases were psychological terms that might not be immediately recognisable to the trainers or the schoolteachers, and which would require more than straightforward linguistic translation.
Keller Psychiatry and the Practical Problems of Empire; S. These include, for example, the opinion that colonial psychiatric institutions were more often reluctant and desultory responses to social problems than they were instruments of grand schemes for social control. In addition, the case history of the Polish composer Fryderyk Chopin is used to highlight problems and pitfalls of this method. The first two volumes focus on asylums, the third on hospitals, and the fourth includes the plans of a number of institutions. Few ethnologists have had such influence on French colonial psychiatry. Certain shared themes and features can be discerned. If such a position was already untenable, it became even more so as I conducted interviews with psychological counsellors and trainers in the region.
What one makes of this strategy is clearly open to interpretation, but it is evidently attractive to many. Since I am discussing confessional technologies, it might be appropriate to begin in confessional mode. This essay reveals the potential implications of such research by highlighting recent studies of British and French colonial psychiatry in Africa and Asia, while also addressing possible future directions for the study of colonial psychiatry. See Alison Bashford and Claire Hooker eds Contagion: Contagion: historical and cultural studies London: Routledge, 2001 , p. On theories of trauma and their relation to slavery and colonialism see Jenson's illuminating discussion of Haiti Jenson, 2011.
Makhulu, Anne-Maria, Buggenhagen, Beth A. Wider changes to the political economy have contributed to this perception of crisis including, crucially, large-scale urbanisation, and neo-liberal economic policies that have made the attainment of an economically viable adulthood more difficult. Psychiatry and Empire Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. This is a small-scale and limited study, but my purpose it to indicate how and by whom these technologies have been implanted in this part of Africa, what they mean locally and how they have been transformed in this context. Cutting down trees: gender, nutrition, and agricultural change in the northern province of Zambia, 1890-1990. What these files suggest is that transgressive sexuality in Kenya was itself framed by indices, as insistent as they were uncertain, of gender, race and class.