By examining a critical case of central policy implementation--industrial energy intensity reduction in the eleventh five-year plan--this article demonstrates that, regardless of industrial makeup or economic development, provinces that have greater regulatory autonomy for noncompliance coupled with alternative economic interests do not, on average, perform as well. In the debate over rule-based or power-based diplomacy, Ryan concludes that U. Enriched by a genuinely interdisciplinary approach, the originality of Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth lies in the manner it combines a rigorous analysis of the requirements for global sustainability with decisive conclusions as to what are, and what are not, viable means of fulfilling those requirements. In services, there is a clash between deregulation and social policy. Using cross-sectional data from 50 states of the United States and the District of Columbia for two different time periods, this paper examines the degree to which special interests or the median voter determine state highway expenditures.
The paper uses the results of this conceptual framework to analyze different case studies of labeling propositions, including Proposition 37 that was voted on in California in 2012. European integration has produced one of the most intensely legalized regimes in the world. Yet, even in the European Union, noncompliance of states often occurs. Hence, in both theory and practice, the idea that there can be a social Europe vis-à-vis neoliberalisation is a contradiction in terms. This book, however, is one of the first to discuss and apply various political-economy approaches explicitly to integration, including classical integration theory and modern public choice theories. European integration has produced one of the most intensely legalized regimes in the world. This book explores the sources of and reasons for noncompliance, and assesses why noncompliance varies across the Member States and over time by looking at the domestic politics of complying with international law.
. Chapter 1 examines the role of institutions in governing capitalist systems. The book reflects the need felt by international lawyers to open their traditional frontiers to insights from other disciplines - and political economy in particular. Moreover, he demonstrates that national policies and domestic economies remain the most critical determinants of economic affairs. Its central thesis is that, from a practical and theoretical point of view, such a basis is fundamentally at odds with the creation of an interventionist regime that the construction of a social Europe would require. These incidents of insubordination and noncompliance represent a form of dialogue between military personnel and their leadership.
International Environmental Agreements will be of interest to scholars, students and researchers in global environmental politics, international relations and political science. This book develops a political economy approach to understanding violence against women - from the household to the transnational level - accounting for its globally increasing scale and brutality. Examining the effects that political, legal, and regulatory institutions have on economic development, this book provides new contributions on the political economy of the European constitution. It studies the structure of state power, the structures of international business competition in manufacturing, agriculture, and services, the international and regional institutions of trade diplomacy, and the national governmental institutions of trade diplomacy in the Pacific. Now with The Insubordinate and the Noncompliant, the trilogy is complete. Yet, when women enjoy good social and economic status they are less vulnerable to violence across all societies. Militarism - understood as the social and international relations of the preparation for, and conduct of, organized political violence - is an abiding and defining characteristic of world politics.
Kahler explains the variation in these institutions and assesses the role they play in sustaining economic cooperation among nations. Tony Killick charts the emergence of conditionality, and challenges the widely held assumption that it is a co-operative process, arguing that in fact it tends to be coercive and detrimental to development objectives. Potter, Choice Acclaim for the first edition: 'This is a concise and clearly written account of the main areas of Community policy and as such provides a readable introduction to the European Community. Background The production and consumption of cannabis for the treatment of medical conditions is of increasing importance internationally; however, research on different aspects of the phenomenon is still scarce. In the analysis we compare reports of medical motives, for what conditions cannabis is used, whether users have diagnoses for these conditions and whether the use of cannabis been recommended as a treatment of those conditions by a medical doctor. Also, the state authorities are involved in many ways in the production of medical cannabis e. Labeling arrangements are introduced to provide information and affect market outcomes.
Military leadership has both formal and informal dimensions. Reflecting a lifetime of scholarship, it offers a masterful survey of the approaches that have been used to understand international economic relations and the problems faced in the new economy. It also outlines some of the most important developments in social democratic policy-making at the European level. Few aspects of the great European integration project have been as difficult and fraught with political conflict as the creation of a single financial market and monetary union. Ryan interviewed many of the key trade negotiators in Tokyo, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, and Washington. By the 1980s many contended that these institutions--the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade now the World Trade Organization , the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund--were threatened by growing economic nationalism in the United States, as demonstrated by increased trade protection and growing budget deficits. In short, to what extent has it effected a liberal transformation in the institutional governance of European capitalism? Results Findings from countries were quite similar, even though several national differences in details were found.
The Insubordinate and the Noncompliant offers a perspective on the Canadian experience with military mutiny in the twentieth century in an effort to provide relevant lessons for today. Edward Mansfield and Helen Milner argue that domestic politics provide a crucial impetus to the decision by governments to enter trade pacts. Category: Political Science Author : International Monetary Fund. This approach is applied to 13 countries drawn from the main crisis-affected regions of the world economy—East Asia, Southeast Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the widget. In reality, the Single Internal Market, Economic and Monetary Union, enlargement, the Lisbon Agenda and European Constitution projects all prioritise supply-side measures and expanding the scope of the market rather than the boosting of demand and other economic intervention.
In particular, how did interest group coalitions and political institutions affect pre-crisis economic policies and post-crisis responses? Computing power is increasingly an impetus to the world economy, and technological developments have changed and are changing almost every aspect of contemporary economic affairs. The methodological approach of the book is to take the traditional list of topics for a general treatise of international law, and to systematically incorporate insights from political economy to each. Conclusion There is a wider demand for licit access for medical cannabis than currently available in these countries. A Critical Realist Approach Author: David J. It explores the capabilities of the multilateral and minilateral regional institutions of trade dispute in the Pacific to settle emerging trade disputes. Nowhere has this been more successful than in the European Union. The book therefore provides an in-depth, theoretically-original, analytical narrative of the key empirical developments to affect contemporary social democratic parties in recent years.